Protect Your Business From All Kinds Of Harm With This Advice

When you own a business, making sure that it is safe should be one of your top priorities. But, it is not always easy to know the kind of things that you need to do to make this happen. Don’t worry th...

News Company - avatar News Company

Expect tax cuts and an emptying of the cupboards in a budget cleanout as the billions roll in

Prime Minister Morrison and Treasurer Frydenberg will do their best to leave the cupboard bare next Tuesday while still delivering a budget surplus in 2019-20.ShutterstockIt has been just over three m...

Warren Hogan, Industry Professor, University of Technology Sydney - avatar Warren Hogan, Industry Professor, University of Technology Sydney

Morrison flags new laws to stop social media platforms being 'weaponised'

Scott Morrison is foreshadowing tough new criminal laws to crack down on social media companies which fail to quickly remove footage like that streamed by the gunman in the New Zealand massacre.Under ...

Michelle Grattan, Professorial Fellow, University of Canberra - avatar Michelle Grattan, Professorial Fellow, University of Canberra

Australian political journalists might be part of a ‘Canberra bubble’, but they engage the public too

Australian journalists often use Twitter to comment on the issues of the day.Nina Maile Gordon/The Conversation, CC BY-NC-NDThe federal election is fast approaching – less than 100 days away in ...

Axel Bruns, Professor, Creative Industries, Queensland University of Technology - avatar Axel Bruns, Professor, Creative Industries, Queensland University of Technology

A new twist in the elusive quest for the origins of the word 'bogan' leads to Melbourne's Xavier College

Drawing of a 'bogan doll' which featured in a 1984 edition of a student-produced Xavier College magazine Sursum Corda.Author providedBogan is the most significant word to be created in Australian Engl...

Bruce Moore, Honorary Associate Professor in the School of Literature, Languages, and Linguistics, Australian National University - avatar Bruce Moore, Honorary Associate Professor in the School of Literature, Languages, and Linguistics, Australian National University

Massacre is now part of Christchurch's identity, so how does a city rise above that?

Christchurch has a challenging new aspect to its identity. The city is now inextricably associated with the March 15 mass shootings at two mosques. So how does a city come to terms with and recover fr...

Will Rifkin, Chair in Applied Regional Economics and Director, Hunter Research Foundation Centre, University of Newcastle - avatar Will Rifkin, Chair in Applied Regional Economics and Director, Hunter Research Foundation Centre, University of Newcastle

Schools are asking students to bring digital devices to class, but are they actually being used?

Not everyone has a digital device to bring to school.from shutterstock.comIt’s been over ten years since Kevin Rudd’s Digital Education Revolution placed small laptops (also called Rudd-to...

Nicola F. Johnson, Associate Professor of Digital Technologies in Education, Edith Cowan University - avatar Nicola F. Johnson, Associate Professor of Digital Technologies in Education, Edith Cowan University

Older people are more digitally savvy, but aged care providers need to keep up

Moving into aged care can affect a person’s ability to remain connected to their local community, but most aged care facilities don't provide access to digital devices.from www.shutterstock.com...

Dr Wendy Wrapson, Senior Research Fellow, Auckland University of Technology - avatar Dr Wendy Wrapson, Senior Research Fellow, Auckland University of Technology

Pets and owners - you can learn a lot about one by studying the other

The personality of a pet owner can help a veterinarian understand the health and welfare of the pet.Shutterstock/PM ProductionThere’s an old saying that pets and their owners become more similar...

Paul McGreevy, Professor of Animal Behaviour and Animal Welfare Science, University of Sydney - avatar Paul McGreevy, Professor of Animal Behaviour and Animal Welfare Science, University of Sydney

Shorten to announce Labor's 'living wage' plan but without an amount or timing

Bill Shorten will unveil on Tuesday a process to have the Fair Work Commission phase in a “living wage”. But he will not say what it should be as a proportion of the median wage, or how lo...

Michelle Grattan, Professorial Fellow, University of Canberra - avatar Michelle Grattan, Professorial Fellow, University of Canberra

Health check: can eating certain foods make you smarter?

Green vegetables, nuts and berries are among the foods that could improve our brain function.From shutterstock.comTrying to keep up with what constitutes a “healthy” diet can be exhausting...

Margaret Morris, Professor of Pharmacology, Head of Pharmacology, UNSW - avatar Margaret Morris, Professor of Pharmacology, Head of Pharmacology, UNSW

A skilful and stirring one-man treatment of George Orwell’s Animal Farm

Renato Musolino is the beating heart of a new production of Animal Farm.James HartleyReview: Animal Farm, State Theatre Company of South AustraliaIn a new one-man production, Renato Musolino brings Ge...

Lisa Harper Campbell, Lecturer in Drama, Flinders University - avatar Lisa Harper Campbell, Lecturer in Drama, Flinders University

Expect tax cuts and an emptying of the cupboards in a budget cleanout as the billions roll in

Prime Minister Morrison and Treasurer Frydenberg will do their best to leave the cupboard bare next Tuesday while still delivering a budget surplus in 2019-20.ShutterstockIt has been just over three m...

The Conversation - avatar The Conversation

A chess program helped this 8-year-old raise $240,000 and get his family out of a homeless shelter – here's what to look for in a chess program for your child

Third-grader Tanitoluwa Adewumi was crowned as a New York State Scholastic chess champion on March 10.GoFundMeBefore he won the primary (K-3) championship section of the New York State Scholastic Cham...

Alexey W. Root, Lecturer in Education, University of Texas at Dallas - avatar Alexey W. Root, Lecturer in Education, University of Texas at Dallas

The promise and peril of the Dominican baseball pipeline

Boys practice baseball at a park in San Antonio de Guerra, a small municipality in the Dominican Republic.Reuters/Ricardo RojasLatinos will comprise about 30 percent of Major League Baseball rosters o...

Rob Ruck, Professor of History, University of Pittsburgh - avatar Rob Ruck, Professor of History, University of Pittsburgh

Why the Vatican needs to open its archives on Pope Pius XII

Pope Pius XII.AP PhotoPope Francis announced recently that, in 2020, the Vatican will open to researchers its archival materials related to Pius XII, who served as pope from 1939 to 1958. The Vatican ...

Alan Avery-Peck, Kraft-Hiatt Professor in Judaic Studies, College of the Holy Cross - avatar Alan Avery-Peck, Kraft-Hiatt Professor in Judaic Studies, College of the Holy Cross

Saudi women are going to college, running for office and changing the conservative country

Saudi Arabia is a notoriously difficult place to be a woman.The kingdom enforces a strict interpretation of Islamic law that sees the separation of men and women as a defining aspect of an Islamic soc...

Alainna Liloia, Graduate Associate, Ph.D. Student, University of Arizona - avatar Alainna Liloia, Graduate Associate, Ph.D. Student, University of Arizona

Why Trump's recognition of the Golan Heights as Israeli territory matters

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, center, Republican U.S. Sen. Lindsey Graham, left, and U.S. Ambassador to Israel David Friedman, right, in the Israeli-held Golan Heights on March 11, 2019Ro...

Dina Badie, Associate Professor of Politics and International Studies, Centre College - avatar Dina Badie, Associate Professor of Politics and International Studies, Centre College

Despite consumer worries, the future of aviation will be more automated

Human pilots, surrounded by automation.Sorbis/Shutterstock.comIn the wake of the Lion Air and Ethiopian Airlines crashes of Boeing 737 Max planes, people are thinking about how much of their air trave...

Stephen Rice, Associate Professor of Human Factors, Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University - avatar Stephen Rice, Associate Professor of Human Factors, Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

We need to stop conflating Islam with terrorism

The Christchurch terrorist attack has shown us that we need to address the threat posed by far-right extremism to our ideals of peaceful social cooperation in a multicultural society. Unfortunately, i...

Nicolas Pirsoul, Sessional lecturer in Middle Eastern Politics, Australian Catholic University - avatar Nicolas Pirsoul, Sessional lecturer in Middle Eastern Politics, Australian Catholic University

Huawei exposes critical weaknesses. We need the infrastructure to engage with China

The European Commission has decided to ignore US calls that its allies keep Chinese tech giant Huawei away from significant telecommunications infrastructure. Britain, France and Germany had already m...

Alice de Jonge, Senior Lecturer, International Law; Asian Business Law, Monash University - avatar Alice de Jonge, Senior Lecturer, International Law; Asian Business Law, Monash University

From Mahometan to Kiwi Muslim: history of NZ's Muslim population

New Zealand Muslims have come from several parts of the world, including Pacific Islands, Asian countries, the Middle East and Africa.AAP/Martin Hunter, CC BY-SAMuslims make up just over 1% of New Zea...

Eva Nisa, Lecturer in Religious Studies, Victoria University of Wellington - avatar Eva Nisa, Lecturer in Religious Studies, Victoria University of Wellington

Plant Hire For Small Businesses

All companies face challenges. However, small businesses face a unique set of challenges. From restricted resources to client dependency, there are various hurdles you need to overcome if your busines...

News Company - avatar News Company

imageWikipediaAs the global cancer community convenes this week in Melbourne for the UICC World Cancer Congress, thousands of experts and cancer survivors are arriving into Australia to discuss, present and move this important agenda forward. One group that will be represented and speaking, is the World Cancer Research Fund International.

Last week, WCRF published a new blog following a Lancet Oncology article on the links between obesity and cancer. Not the first and most obvious connection one might make, what are the facts on this relationship?

  • Overweight and obesity have been increasing dramatically in the last few decades - globally.

  • In a 2012 study, Stevens et al estimated that 35% of the adult population is overweight and 12% obese – a doubling of prevalence since 1980.

  • Overweight and obesity are known risk factors for a number of cancers including: oesophageal, bowel, kidney, pancreas, gallbladder, ovary, prostate and breast in women after menopause.

  • One study estimated that in 2007 in the United States, about 34,000 new cases of cancer in men (4%) and 50,500 in women (7%) were due to obesity.

Now one of the major points to appreciated is the continued uncertainty around the relationship between obesity and cancer, and what causes it. But we know some things:

Connection is both direct, and indirect

imageWikipediaThe actual causes behind this link are still being explored by scientists around the world, but we know that some of the causes are direct, and some are indirect.

Fat cells, like many cells in the body, release hormones and some of these hormones increase the risks of certain cancers - this is a direct connection. Another such example is that these cells also produce growth factors that could increase the speed at which cancers grow once they develop. We also see that people living with obesity have chronic, low-levels of inflammation in their bodies which may also increase cancer risk.

Indirectly, obesity can sometimes make cancer diagnoses more difficult or access to medical care more challenging.

Having said all this, nothing is ever simple. In some studies, overweight and obesity have, by contrast, been found to be associated with a reduced risk of pre-menopausal breast cancer. This is another area of further current research.

Risk highest in developed nations

In the UK, 13,000 cases diagnosed in women in 2012 (or 8.2% of all new cancer cases) and 7,200 in men could be ascribed to overweight and obesity. Globally, cancer due to overweight and obesity is more common in higher income countries (393,000 cases, 5.2%) than lower-income countries (88,000 cases, 1.5%).

Women most at-risk

Finally, the WCRF also reported that women are at greatest risk from the link between obesity and cancer, and the reason goes to the cells.

The obesity-related cancer burden is higher among women mainly because common cancers of the female organs, such as post-menopausal breast cancer, have been associated with overweight and obesity. Cancers of the bowel, womb, and the breast in women after menopause, were responsible for approximately two-thirds of all cancers due to overweight and obesity in 2012.

UICC World Cancer Congress, 2014

imageUICCAt the dawning of a big week for the global cancer community, and the causes they dedicate their time and energy to overcoming, it’s time to start connecting the dots in major health challenges. Obesity is not about blaming the individual, but in a time when up to two-thirds of many nations are now overweight and obese - it’s time to see the cancer prevention opportunities in tackling this growing global challenge.

-

At the congress this week, connect with me on Twitter via @sandrodemaio.

For those not attending, follow all the discussions live on Twitter via #CancerCongress.

This article was adapted from a recent blog by the World Cancer Research Fund. For more information on their work, see their website or follow them on Twitter.

image

Alessandro R Demaio does not work for, consult to, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organisation that would benefit from this article, and has no relevant affiliations.

Read more http://theconversation.com/cancer-getting-to-the-fat-of-the-issue-34840